why are the minoans and mycenaeans important

They created a powerful civilization based on a strong navy… Its name derives from Minos, either a dynastic title or the name of a particular ruler of Crete who has a place in Greek legend. His name was Dyeus which in Greek became Zeus. The Minoans and Mycenaean civilizations both resided in present-day Greece, while the Minoans based their civilization on the island of Crete, and the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece. Their sophisticated culture thrived because of their powerful naval fleet. The Minoan Linear B form of writing is a primitive form of Greek. The Mycenaeans built their palaces on hilltop. The civilization existed until its decline around the 11th century BCE after the occurrence of the Trojan War. The Minoans were a bronze age civilization. Although they thrived in different parts of Greece, the Aegean Sea was both of their trading roots. Why did Minoans become a great sea power? The Minoans built a large civilization that flourished from 2600 BC to 1400 BC. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. Religion played an important role in Minoan Crete and many activities, and artistic products revolved around religious cult. Minoans And Mycenaeans Flavours Of Their Time Time The Mycenaeans. Minoans had a strong influence on most of the religious practices and rituals practised by the Mycenaeans. to 14th century B.C. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands, flourishing from c. 3000 BC to c. 1450 BC until a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100 BC.It represents the first advanced civilization in Europe, leaving behind massive building complexes, tools, artwork, writing systems, and a massive network of trade. Religious meaning, and entertainment. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two of the early civilizations that developed in Greece. The most important Minoan contribution to later Greek development was likely the written Greek language. This finding suggests that some migration occurred in the Aegean and southwestern Anatolia from further east after the time of the earliest farmers. The language of the Mycenaeans and the late Minoans were the same – Linear B, … The Mycenaeans and the Minoans both reigned and traded in and around the Aegean Sea. They are called the first Greeks, as they were the first to speak the Greek language. It was main land Greece that invaded the island nation of Crete. Art: Pottery work such as stirrup jars, pitchers, kraters and chalices were made during this era. Why was sea travel and trade important to the Greeks? By about 1580 BCE Minoan civilization began to spread across the Aegean. The minoans had a common language and writing, a common architecture, a common government, a … Answer: A civilization is a group of people that have a lot in common yet are different from the people around them. He discovered that the writing, although using Minoan style, was actually written in Greek. The Minoan civilization flourished in the Middle Bronze Age on the island of Crete located in the eastern Mediterranean from c. 2000 BCE until c. 1500 BCE. And whichever key is true will finally unlock the secrets of the Minoan culture and, as important, the Minoan perspective of the downfall of their empire. civilizations flourished in the island of Crete and in mainland Greece for close to 2,000 years. The Mycenaeans were bellicose by nature, attacking others, especially by sea, and fighting among themselves. Minoan Bull-Leaping Fresco from the palace of Knossos, via Ancient Origins. One of the more important clues regarding this disposition to violence or otherwise lies in the architecture of the two civilizations. We are not sure why but they may have been conquered by people from mainland Greece. The Minoans: History | Culture | Warfare Warfare and "The Minoan Peace" Though the vision created by Sir Arthur Evans of a pax Minoica, a "Minoan peace", has been criticised in recent years, it is generally assumed there was little internal armed conflict in Minoan Crete itself, until the following Mycenaean period. The Mycenaeans. In what other areas did the Minoans influence the Mycenaeans besides sea trade? The vessels that were exported were more intricately designed and had beautiful motifs, often depicting warriors and animals. Their civilization was at its height from about 1700 BC to 1500 BC. Whereas the Mycenaeans seem to have been rather aggressive and war-like, the Minoans, alternatively, were relatively peaceful. The Minoan (c. 2600–1100 b.c.e.) •first Greek speaking people •Dominated mainland Greece-Peloponnesus Peninsula & north central Greece •Local people were known as the Hellenes •Palace center of city, served as: gov’t center & area of trade •Adopted many ideas of the Minoans: writing & religion (worshipped earth mother) & many gods & goddesses The Historical Fall Theory says that Mycenaeans from Southern Greece conquered Crete and took control of peaceful Minoans. power shifted from the Minoans to the Mycenaeans- no one knows why, but the legend of Theseus and the Minotaur describes the fall of the Minoans in relation to the death of the Minotaur These works of art show that the Minoans loved dancing, music, and sports. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. The Minoans were famous for the magnificent palaces they built, above all at Knossos. Question: why were the minoans a civilization. However Minoan culture declined after 1450 BC. Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. Minoan and Mycenaean ArchitectureCultural Background.Before the flowering of the classic Greek architectural style in the mainland there were two important periods of development in building that had come before. Minoan culture became a powerful force in the region. ... Name two reasons why bull leaping was important. Crete’s Minoan civilization has long been considered Europe’s first great Bronze Age society.The floruit of the Minoan civilization, which spread across Crete in the third millennium B.C.E., occurred in the 18th–16th centuries B.C.E., in the late Middle Bronze Age and the start of the Late Bronze Age. While the Minoans have long been presumed to be a peaceful race due to archaeological findings (or rather, the lack of military findings), the same has … The World of the Ancient Greeks - Warfare. Minoans, Mycenaeans, and modern Greeks also had some ancestry related to the ancient people of the Caucasus, Armenia, and Iran. This means that it was not the Minoans that invaded the Mycenaeans. Get an answer to your question “What cultural characteristic did the Minoans and mycenaens share ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. The Minoans have an important place in world history, as building the first civilization to appear on European soil. As the Minoans overlapped with the Hittite Empire, the New Kingdom of Egypt and various Trojan political systems, any of these theories could hold the key to the roots of the Minoan language. This would explain why almost every Minoan palace was burned to the ground around 1490. With their unique art and architecture, and the spread of their ideas through contact with other cultures across the Aegean, the Minoans made a significant contribution to the development of Western European civilization as it is known today. The Minoans seem to have experienced a long period of peace with little internal conflict. As evidence in the art of the period, the Minoans deified the natural world and found in it a logical order that allowed man to live in harmony with the natural environment. It was used for religious and accounting purposes from about 1800–1450 B.C.E., when it abruptly disappeared to be replaced by Linear B, a tool of the Mycenaeans, and one that we can read today. (They made tools and weapons from bronze). and Mycenaean (c. 2800–1100 b.c.e.) Following the collapse of this civilisation in the 12th century BC, Greece entered a period of relative poverty and isolation when writing was forgotten. Mycenaeans- 1600-1200 B.C. The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. The Minoans and Mycenaeans descended mainly from early Neolithic farmers, likely migrating thousands of years prior to the Bronze Age from Anatolia, in what is today modern Turkey. Clashes began with the invasion of the Mycenaeans, a group of people who invaded from the Greek mainland. The paintings tell much about the Minoans. Apart from items from Mycenae itself, particularly important are groups of objects from the islands of Rhodes and from Cyprus, a major trading hub and market for Mycenaean pottery. Minoan culture became a powerful force in the region. In many of the paintings,both women and men have long, flowing hair and wear gold jewelry. The writing system, arts, politics and literature. The Minoans also developed metalworking techniques, such as gold-inlaid bronze, that passed to the Greeks through the Mycenaeans. Yet the Mycenaeans went one step further, engaging frequently in piracy. The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. The Aegean Bronze Age is predominately known as the period in which the battle-hardened Mycenaeans conquered the simple sea-trading Minoans and rose to become one of the most powerful trading powers in the Eastern Mediterranean. Though they all spoke Greek, and worshipped the same gods, the Mycenaeans were separated into independent city-states, each with its own king. Because the Greeks lacked natural resources like timber, metal and usable farmland. The Minoans ruled on the island of Crete, south of the Greek mainland in the Mediterranean Sea, from 2000 to 1600 BCE. The main written language of the Minoans was the script called Linear A, which has yet to be deciphered but may represent a form of early Greek. Mycenaean, Any member of a group of warlike Indo-European peoples who entered Greece from the north starting c. 1900 bc and established a Bronze Age culture on the mainland and nearby islands. Minoans The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built huge palaces on the island of Crete. * Double ax- important symbol that stood for the power of Mother Earth and the power of the king, labyrinth also stands for “double ax” * By 1400 B.C. They were influenced by the Minoans, and their civilization. Minoan civilization, Bronze Age civilization of Crete that flourished from about 3000 BCE to about 1100 BCE. Minoan civilization emerged around 2000 BCE, and lasted until 1400 BCE. Perhaps the most important trade role the Minoans played was the transfer of ideas and technology from Egypt and Southwest Asia to the budding civilizations of Europe. The Minoans, who were known particularly for their extensive trade and dominance of the sea, existed from about 27th century B.C. After its fall the Minoan civilization was largely forgotten. When the Mycenaeans first arrived in the Aegean they likely believed in a pantheon of gods headed by a supreme Sky God common to most Indo-European peoples. "Minoans, Mycenaeans, and modern Greeks also had some ancestry related to the ancient people of … In their dealings with the civilziations of the Near East, the Minoans also picked up technologies that they took home with them. The wall paintings also show that religion was an important part of Minoan life. After the disappearance of the Minoans due to natural disasters or losses in wars, the Mycenaeans came to power on the Greek mainland. The Mycenaeans made weapons and armor from Bronze, giving this age its name: The Bronze Age. It was located on the island of Crete, which is now a part of Greece. 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