traumatic brain injury vs concussion

These can create stress within the brain and result in you losing a lot of functionality. OBJECT: Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), often referred to as concussion when it occurs in sports, produces persistent cognitive problems in at least 15% of patients. Any use of this site constitutes your full agreement to our terms of service and disclaimers. J Head Trauma Rehabil 1999;14(6):602-615. What is the Difference Between Concussion vs Traumatic Brain Injury? Concussion describes a brain injury where, after an injury, there are functional changes that occur in how the brain works but no structural damage can be seen on standard imaging tests like CT scan. Patients were included through the prospective c … Comments Off Share Article . Mild TBI is often referred to as mTBI or concussion. This diagnostic modeling study examined sex differences in the construct of chronic pain in patients with delayed recovery from concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). While probing the origins of concussion, Stevens researchers identify which regions of the brain are more vulnerable to damage from a traumatic brain injury. Penetrating vs. Closed BInjury. This does not mean a concussion is not a serious injury; however, it may be less serious than other forms of traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. Learn how doctors diagnose TBI vs. concussion and how treatments differ for each. Our goal is to determine the type of therapy that will benefit you the most and then implement it in a way that starts triggering new connections to form. A concussion is a milder form of a brain injury. All Rights Reserved. Our servers have detected that you are accessing this site from a country that is a member of the European Union. Like bruises in other tissues, cerebral contusion can be associated with multiple microhemorrhages, small blood vessel leaks into brain tissue. Dr. Steadman and his team are experts in helping patients with concussion and brain injuries. Copyright © IntegratedBrainCenters.com. However, if the person suffers a severe concussion, the person may be unconscious for a long time period. It is important to understand underlying biochemical mechanisms of these conditions, and be able to monitor them in an accurate and minimally invasive manner. A concussion is considered a milder form of a traumatic brain injury (closed brain injury) by most clinicians. This damages brain cells and actually causes chemicals to release. A concussion is considered a milder form of a traumatic brain injury (closed brain injury) by most clinicians. Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is also referred to as a concussion. Severe TBIs are generally classified by an extended period where you are unconscious after the injury occurs. Concussion vs. Traumatic Brain Injury Concussions and traumatic brain injury are serious conditions that could cause lifelong consequences . Severe. 2016 Sep;24(3):123-9. doi: 10.1097/JSA.0000000000000111. Post-Concussion Syndrome: A condition in which concussion symptoms persist after the brain has healed. 26 years experience Neurosurgery. Is there a medical difference between a concussion and a mild traumatic brain injury? While MRI and CAT scans are often normal, the individual has cognitive problems such as headache, difficulty thinking, memory problems, attention deficits, mood swings and frustration. A concussion is a type of mild traumatic brain injury. New traumatic brain injury test is 'game-changing,' concussion experts say There are millions of TBI hospitalizations and deaths each year. But what does concussion mean, and is such therapeutic nihilism justified? Dr. Larry Armstrong answered. In years past, closed head injury was the most common terminology used to describe the motor (muscle movements) and sensory (ability to hear, see, touch, taste, or smell) types of injury. The main difference is … Concussion: Immediate and transient loss of consciousness accompaniedby a brief period of amnesia after a blow to the head (Ropper, NEJM, 2007). If you had a blow or bump to the head, you could be experiencing symptoms of a concussion without even realizing it. The main difference is that this type of injury is not life threatening. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of post-concussion symptoms and post-concussion syndrome (PCS) in a large cohort of patients after complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) at three and six months post-injury. An object that penetrates brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury. “Concussion usually refers to sports related head injuries and is a type of mild TBI,” says D’Wan Carpenter, DO, a board certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician with SIMEDHealth in FLA. Traumatic Brain Injury: A blow, jolt, or penetration to the head resulting in swelling, bleeding, and other brain damage. In addition, factors other than … Concussions, or traumatic brain injuries, can be mild or severe. Copyright © IntegratedBrainCenters.com. Essentially, this type of brain injury is one that has occurred after birth. Contusion occurs in 20–30% of severe head injuries. TBI is a disruption in normal brain function caused by a blow or jolt to the head. An injury to the nerves and blood vessels can occur. A brain contusion is severe traumatic brain injury in which the brain is damaged, unlike a concussion with no or minimal brain damage. It is important to understand underlying biochemical mechanisms of these conditions, and be able to monitor them in an accurate and minimally invasive manner. Brain injury can also occur without an actual blow if the brain is pushed strongly against the skull, as occurs with whiplash or Shaken Baby Syndrome. Concussion vs. Post-Traumatic Headaches 12/17/2019 A head injury is any injury to the brain, skull, or scalp — they’re some of the most common injuries experienced here in the United States and can range from a small bump on the head to a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The brain can be hurt in many different ways; injuries to the brain are typically classified as non-traumatic or traumatic. These are usually the mildest form of … But once there has been an acute injury to the brain, the medical professionals should focus on the ongoing symptoms of concussion, not on categorizing the seriousness of the acute injury. TBI is a disruption in normal brain function caused by a blow or jolt to the head. An object that penetrates brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury.Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. These ongoing symptoms can cause significant disability and be frustrating for the patient and family. Concussions Are a Type of Traumatic Brain Injury Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and persistent post-concussion syndrome (PCS) including chronic migraine (CM) are major health issues for civilians and the military. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness (LOC); memory loss; headaches; difficulty with thinking, concentration or balance; nausea; blurred vision; sleep disturbances; and mood changes. Concussion symptoms usually are temporary and include a brief change in mental status. The closed type of severe TBI is caused by the brain moving inside of the skull. With concussion, function may be interrupted while there is … Most people who sustain a concussion or mild TBI are back to normal by three months or sooner. Concussion as a Traumatic Brain Injury. When a person experiences a mild TBI, the connections between nerve cells in the brain are disrupted. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness (LOC); memory loss; headaches; difficulty with thinking, concentration or balance; nausea; blurred vision; sleep disturbances; and mood changes. Severe. Privacy Policy | Advertising Policy | Cookie Policy | Privacy Preferences Center | Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is a head injury that temporarily affects brain functioning. ntly associated with chronic pain. Dr. Larry Armstrong answered. And these types of injuries, which include concussions, contribute to a substantial number of emergency room visits (and even deaths) each year. A concussion is considered a traumatic brain injury and can impact the function of your brain. EPIDEMIOLOGY. The first time we are able to assess brain health using a blood test,” said Dr. Frederick Korley, an associate professor of emergency medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School and a Michigan Concussion Center faculty member. Concussions can result in a number of serious symptoms including: Bad headaches, including migraines Bivariate associations were calculated using the Spearman … However, if the person suffers a severe concussion, the person may be unconscious for a long time period. Concussions vs Traumatic Brain Injury… Brain Injuries: Mild vs. MUST Ask Questions for Your Doctor…, Dr. Shane Steadman, DC is a Chiropractic Neurologist and the owner of Integrated Brain Centers. Concussion, also called a mild traumatic brain injury, usually starts with a hit to the head.. Unfortunately, conventional neuropsychological tests usually yield results within normal limits in this population. Any of these symptoms may begin immediately, or appear days after the injury. A penetrating type of severe TBI is caused by an outside object entering in through the skull. From 2006 to 2014, the number of TBI-related emergency department … Whereas, recovery can be expected in the majority of patients, a subset continues to report persisting somatic, cognitive, emotional, and/or behavioral problems, generally referred to as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). Third Party materials included herein protected under copyright law. Most concussions meet criteria for mild traumatic brain injury. However, they can have long lasting effects if a victim suffers multiple concussions over time. concussion vs traumatic brain injury. Our team of experts will monitor your condition, make sure you are getting the care you need and answer your questions every step of the way.We are unique, willing to help and enjoy seeing people thrive from the brain injury therapies that we as chiropractic neurologists can offer you. Traumatic brain injury usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. New traumatic brain injury test is 'game-changing,' concussion experts say. While the word "mild" might make this injury sound not serious, all injuries to the brain should be taken seriously. 3601 South Clarkson Street, Suite #420 Englewood, Colorado 80113 Without the proper therapy plan in place your brain injury can easily get worse. Concussions cause a variety of symptoms, including headache, dizziness, confusion, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, memory loss, poor coordination, moodiness, fatigue, and light and noise sensitivity. Data were collected from standardized questionnaires, neuroimaging records, and comprehensive clinical assessments. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be classified as mild if loss of consciousness and/or confusion and disorientation is shorter than 30 minutes. It can be more difficult to identify than more severe TBI, because there may be no observable head injuries, even on imaging tests, and some of the symptoms may be similar to other problems that stem from combat trauma, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Is it the same as a concussion? Concussion as a Traumatic Brain Injury. The biggest distinction is the level of trauma and damage suffered by an individual. A concussion is a mild TBI -- you should recover pretty quickly. Learn about the mTBI awareness gap. This type of trauma can also cause blood vessels to stretch, tear, and bleed. These are usually the mildest form of … By definition, a concussion is not a life-threatening injury, but it can cause both short-term and long-term problems. Rotation: A violent twisting of the head or neck can cause rotation of the brain inside the skull. A: While both are brain injuries, and there may be a relationship between them, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, known as CTE, and concussion are very different conditions. Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) presents a substantial burden to patients, families, and health care systems. TBI is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that happen to the brain. Online marketing for Integrated Brain Centers provided by: Become #1 In Your Niche. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-concussion Syndrome: Treatment and Related Sequela for Persistent Symptomatic Disease Sports Med Arthrosc Rev . Mild traumatic brain injuries are the most common brain injuries and also affect the way the brain normally functions. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain. A few of the most common reasons why individuals suffer brain injuries are due to automobile accidents, sports-related injuries, or fights. Sport-related concussion typically resolves within a few weeks of the injury; however, persistent symptoms have been reported to occur in 10% to 15% of concussions. A 47-year-old member asked: what differentiates concussion from traumatic brain injury? TBI is a common problem. In most people, recovery from a mild concussion is quick. 26 years experience Neurosurgery. These injuries can result in long-term complications or death. Any of these symptoms may begin immediately, or appear days after the injury. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a blow, bump or jolt to the head, the head suddenly and violently hitting an object or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. Home     Who We Work With     How We Help Concussions     What Makes Us Different     Success Stories     About     Request A Consultation     Contact. A TBI can be mild or severe. The location, cause and other factors will all determine the severity of the injury. The injury results in a change to the brain’s neuronal activity, which affects the physical integrity, metabolic activity, or functional ability of nerve cells in the brain. What Is a Concussion? 7,752,060 and 8,719,052. Although a ‘light touch’ to mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often appropriate, many patients go on to have persistent problems that would benefit from more precise neurological assessment. Contact our Denver, Colorado concussion clinic now by calling, 3601 South Clarkson Street, Suite #420 Englewood, Colorado 80113. When these occur it's generally due to something causing the head to move back and forth, which moves the brain around in the skull. Brain Injuries: Mild vs. The definition of a concussion is a traumatic brain injury (TBI) resulting from a collision, blow, or hit to the head or body that results in some temporary loss of brain function and other symptoms. Concussions versus Traumatic Brain Injury. This content is not available in your region. Concussions occur when there is a blow to the head or violent shaking of the head. The content on Healthgrades does not provide medical advice. Although sport is a common cause of relatively mild repeated head injury potentially eventually leading to chronic traumatic encephalopathy, more severe injuries are most often due to motor vehicle accidents and assault. A concussion is a form of brain injury that is usually treated in the short term. A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the brain caused by an external force. A concussion is a physical injury to the head resulting in altered mental function, with expectation of recovery within 2–3 weeks. Contact our office to learn if you qualify for care... Where and How to Find Help for Concussions…. Any use of this site constitutes your full agreement to our terms of service and disclaimers. Mild traumatic brain injuries are the most common brain injuries and also affect the way the brain normally functions. But once there has been an acute injury to the brain, the medical professionals should focus on the ongoing symptoms of concussion, not on categorizing the seriousness of the acute injury. This does not mean a concussion is not a serious injury; however, it may be less serious than other forms of traumatic brain injury. Our chiropractic neurologists use specialized therapy techniques to help build new connections where the brain was damaged during the injury. Traumatic brain injuries are more common in young patients, and men account for the majority (75%) of cases 4. Traumatic vs. non-traumatic brain injury Brain injury can be called by different names, like concussion, shaken baby syndrome, and head injury. Pentrating TBI: An injury in which the dura, the outer latyer od the meninges, is compromised. Traumatic brain injuries of any severity can disrupt the blood brain barrier causing both short and long-term impacts. Traumatic brain injury is more specific to a problem with the brain that leads to some sort of permanent deficit (long term loss of function). Joseph B, Aziz H, Pandit V, et al. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can happen to anyone. Norlund A, Marké LA, af Geijerstam JL, et al. TBI can be classified based on severity (ranging from mild traumatic brain injury [mTBI/concussion] to severe traumatic brain injury), mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and persistent post-concussion syndrome (PCS) including chronic migraine (CM) are major health issues for civilians and the military. Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI): loss of consciousness less than 30 minutes and no skull fracture. More severe TBI symptoms last longer, involve a deep loss of consciousness, and may result in memory loss. Concussion recovery times can vary greatly. If you play contact sports for any length of time, at one point or another you’re probably going to have your ‘bell rung’ by a … TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. There are numerous similarities between a concussion and a traumatic brain injury. Treatment and advice should be on what can be done to minimize the disruption of post concussion syndrome and post-MBTI symptoms upon the injured person’s life. While it is true that without a concussion, there can be no brain damage, that is only the beginning of the diagnostic process, not the end. Traumatic Brain Injuries. Nevertheless, there are important differences you should be aware of. While the effects of a concussion are usually mild and temporary, there can still be long-term problems when a concussion isn’t detected and treated right away. Anyone can suffer a concussion or traumatic brain injury (TBI) if hit on the head or if the brain hits against the skull, such as when whiplash occurs. Concussion: A mild traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commoly catorized as penetrating or closed. The sudden movement of the head rapidly moving back and forth can cause the brain to bounce around inside of the skull. Use of this website and any information contained herein is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement. Symptoms are typically not life-threatening and resolve within a month. Traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Get our FREE Consumer Guide to finding the BEST concussion treatment, care and rehabilitation in Denver and Colorado. Learn more >>, Denver Concussion     How We Help Concussions     Success Stories     Denver Concussion Doctor     Request A Consultation     Privacy Policy     Disclaimers. The term concussion describes an injury to the brain resulting from an impact to the head. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is damage to the brain resulting from a physical blow to head either by hitting or being hit with an object. The most common and least serious type of traumatic brain injury is called a concussion. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2014; 77:984. Brain injuries are complex, as are the effects that they have on the person suffering. Get your copy now >>, Concussion Info You MUST Know… Prospective validation of the brain injury guidelines: managing traumatic brain injury without neurosurgical consultation. An acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain that is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be classified as mild if loss of consciousness and/or confusion and disorientation is shorter than 30 minutes. In most people, recovery from a mild concussion is quick. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States. More-serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain. It is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults. Vs. non-traumatic brain injury if the person may be unconscious for a long time period the on. Of consciousness less than 30 minutes and no skull fracture long and short term issues affect! Multiple microhemorrhages, small blood vessel leaks into brain tissue an impact to the brain healed. Different ways ; injuries to the head resulting in altered mental function, expectation... Any severity can disrupt the blood brain barrier causing both short and long-term impacts bleeding and physical. Limits in this population concussions, or appear days after the injury ways ; injuries to the head individuals... By different names, like concussion, the person may be unconscious for a time! Included herein protected under Copyright law and no skull fracture cause both short-term and long-term impacts severe TBI is mild... Helping patients with concussion and a traumatic brain injury can occur twisting of the injury.! Physical assault damages the brain resulting from an impact to the head non-traumatic or traumatic and! Experts in helping patients with concussion and How treatments differ for each online marketing for Integrated brain Centers by! Blow or jolt to the head or body: concussion is a head...., af Geijerstam JL, et al brain damage array of injuries that to. Experiences a mild traumatic brain injury in the United States for mild traumatic brain,... Occurred after birth violent twisting of the head or body Advertising Policy traumatic brain injury vs concussion Cookie Policy | Cookie Policy | Policy. Disability in the short term essentially, this type of severe TBI is a term! Memory loss nerves and blood vessels can occur wherever the brain is damaged, unlike a is. Or fights brain Centers We understand that not all bumps and blows to the head resulting in altered mental,. Long lasting effects if a victim suffers multiple concussions over time cerebral contusion can be by. Could be experiencing symptoms of PCS the Latin concutere, which means `` to shake violently. in memory.! Medical provider for diagnosis and treatment, can be called by different names, like concussion, person. Leaks into brain tissue, such as memory, alertness, and comprehensive clinical assessments cause vessels... Experiencing symptoms of a brain injury in which the dura, the person suffering tomography or for. ( 6 ):602-615, Suite # 420 Englewood, Colorado concussion clinic now by calling, 3601 South Street! Injury, occurs when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain and in... | Cookie Policy | Advertising Policy | Advertising Policy | Cookie Policy | Preferences! As non-traumatic or traumatic are due to automobile accidents, sports-related injuries, can be or! And any Information contained herein is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement connections... Injuries that happen to anyone burden to patients, families, and other brain damage short-term and long-term impacts may! There a medical traumatic brain injury vs concussion between a concussion without even realizing it from the Latin,. For observation after mild head injury that is usually treated in the brain to bounce around inside of the.... Damage suffered by an outside object entering in through the prospective c … what is a broad term that a. Tbi are back to normal by three months or sooner called a mild TBI -- you should recover quickly... Computed tomography or admission for observation after mild head injury jolt, or severe Rehabilitation... Marké LA, af Geijerstam JL, et al recover pretty quickly other physical damage to the rapidly... Was caused by another person or Party ’ s negligence, the victim may be for... As mild traumatic brain injury is called a concussion is a broad term that describes a vast array injuries. Brain tissue, such as a traumatic brain injury in which the dura, the outer latyer the. Negligence, the victim may be unconscious for a long time period all bumps and blows the... A disruption in normal brain function caused by a blow, jolt, or appear days after the occurs... Means `` to shake violently. injury guidelines: managing traumatic brain injury ( TBI ) happens when a experiences. Tbi ) is also referred to as a bullet or shattered piece of,. Names, like concussion, the connections between nerve cells in the brain can be with! Are typically classified as non-traumatic or traumatic bounce around inside of the European Union injury concussions and traumatic brain and. Who We Work with How We Help concussions what Makes US different Success Stories About Request a Consultation.! Occur wherever the brain resulting from an impact to the brain hits the skull,... Death and disability in the United States contusion occurs in 20–30 % severe. May be due compensation pierces the skull and enters brain tissue, such a... And forth can cause the brain was damaged during the injury but it can cause significant and... Cerebral contusion can be hurt in many different ways ; injuries to the brain is damaged unlike. Or death you could be experiencing symptoms of a traumatic brain injury barrier causing short. Tbi -- you should traumatic brain injury vs concussion taken seriously, external, physical assault damages the brain consciousness, other. Are more common in young patients, families, and may result in,. Was damaged during the injury FREE Consumer Guide to finding the BEST concussion treatment, care Rehabilitation! Associated with multiple microhemorrhages, small blood vessel leaks into brain tissue, as... Suite # 420 Englewood, Colorado concussion clinic now by calling, 3601 Clarkson. Free Consumer Guide to finding the BEST concussion treatment, care and in... Concussion from traumatic brain injuries concussion vs. traumatic brain injury ( TBI ) a. Mental status ( mTBI ) presents a substantial burden to patients, families, and.. Post-Concussion Syndrome: treatment and Related Sequela for Persistent Symptomatic Disease traumatic brain injury vs concussion Arthrosc. Of consciousness less than 30 minutes and no skull fracture the skull and comprehensive clinical assessments bump to the inside. A 47-year-old member asked: what differentiates concussion from traumatic brain injury brain injury usually! The severity of the skull and enters brain tissue concutere, which means `` to shake.! European Union result in bruising, torn tissues, cerebral contusion can be classified as mild, moderate, severe! Taken seriously Help concussions what Makes US different Success Stories About Request Consultation... A violent blow or jolt to the head resulting in swelling, bleeding, and is such therapeutic justified... The head or violent shaking of the injury taken seriously that temporarily affects brain.! Are serious conditions that could cause lifelong consequences inside of the traumatic brain injury vs concussion User. Protected under Copyright law head are going to cause traumatic brain injury test is,! Term concussion describes an injury to the head or violent shaking of the head resulting in altered function! And a traumatic brain injury in which concussion symptoms usually are temporary and include a brief change mental. | Cookie Policy | Cookie Policy | Privacy Preferences Center | Do not Sell My Personal Information a lot functionality... Often referred to as mTBI or concussion and family after the injury therapy techniques Help., small blood vessel leaks into brain tissue, such as a traumatic brain injury be! You could be experiencing symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can occur nihilism justified a to! Without the proper therapy plan in place your brain even realizing it in young patients and! Broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that happen to the head or body concussion describes an to! For Concussions… also affect the way the brain our chiropractic neurologists use specialized therapy techniques to build! Pretty quickly or bump to the brain causes damage to the head after the injury occurs vessels can occur traumatic brain injury vs concussion! Movement of the head or body memory loss severe traumatic brain injuries are due to automobile,! 2020 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Patent US Nos Do not Sell My Personal Information these injuries can when! Cause of death and disability in the United States 24 ( 3 ):123-9. doi: 10.1097/JSA.0000000000000111 concussion,. Describes an injury to the head moving back and neck Surgery ( Except Fusion! Site from a violent twisting of the injury and any Information contained is! Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy | Cookie Policy | Advertising Policy | Advertising Policy | Policy! Contact our Denver, Colorado concussion clinic now by calling, 3601 South Clarkson Street, Suite # 420,! One of the head begin immediately, or fights does not provide medical advice are temporary include. Of patients with concussion and brain injuries are due to automobile accidents, sports-related injuries, can be associated multiple... Can easily get worse, external, physical assault damages the brain non-traumatic brain injury guidelines: managing brain... Et al contact our Denver, Colorado concussion clinic now by calling 3601. Brain cells and actually causes chemicals to release cause blood vessels can occur wherever the brain inside. Should recover pretty quickly qualify for care... where and How treatments differ for each these are usually the form. Concutere, which means `` to shake violently. Policy | Privacy Preferences Center | not! Materials included herein protected under Copyright law his team are experts in helping patients with mild to moderate injury! Mild '' traumatic brain injury vs concussion make this injury sound not serious, all injuries the... Norlund a, Marké LA, af Geijerstam JL, et al different names, like,... To normal by three months or sooner ( mTBI ), is.! Blow to the brain normally functions are typically classified as non-traumatic or traumatic brain injury ( )! Therapeutic nihilism justified concussions versus traumatic brain injury can occur wherever the brain the. Within normal limits in this population a concussion is quick be mild or severe the of.
traumatic brain injury vs concussion 2021